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|1||At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld.||Family: F2193
|2||Alexander Bruce was a Scottish inventor, politician, judge and freemason, responsible for developing the pendulum clock, in collaboration with Christiaan Huygens.|
His grandfather, Sir George Bruce had built up a fortune in coal-mining and salt-production, building Culross Palace in Fife in 1597.
On 20 June 1667 Bruce is listed as a Treasurer of Scotland. In the same year he was an Extraordinary Lord of Session.
Bruce was one those making up the 1660 committee of 12 that led to formation of the Royal Society of London, and he conducted extensive correspondence with fellow freemason Sir Robert Moray, the first President of the Royal Society. These letters are the main source of biographical information on Bruce.
|3||Although it appears that Thomas may have married Mary bigamously, on reading the bigamy laws at that time, because he and Agnes had separated around 12 years prior to his marriage and as he had no contact with her and believed her to be dead, he was not considered to have committed bigamy under the law.|
Section 57 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861 reads:
“Whosoever, being married, shall marry any other person during the life of the former husband or wife, whether the second marriage shall have taken place in England or Ireland or elsewhere, shall be guilty of felony, and being convicted thereof shall be liable to be kept in penal servitude for any term not exceeding seven years ... : Provided, that nothing in this section contained shall extend to any second marriage contracted elsewhere than in England and Ireland by any other than a subject of Her Majesty, or to any person marrying a second time whose husband or wife shall have been continually absent from such person for the space of seven years then last past, and shall not have been known by such person to be living within that time, or shall extend to any person who, at the time of such second marriage, shall have been divorced from the bond of the first marriage, or to any person whose former marriage shall have been declared void by the sentence of any court of competent jurisdiction."
|4||There were no children from this marriage.||Family: F2183
|5||He became a ship's purser.||a son
|6||David wears a hearing aid and has a bad limp in his left leg. He is described as being a really kind person.||David
|7||David became King of Scots upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on 24 November 1331. He ruled until his death.||David II, of Scotland
|8||David II was the elder and only surviving son of Robert I of Scotland and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. In accordance with the Treaty of Northampton's terms, David was married on 17 July 1328 to Joan of the Tower, daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. They had no issue.||David II, of Scotland
David became King of Scots upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on 24 November 1331.
During David's minority, Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray was appointed Guardian of Scotland by the Act of Settlement of 1318. After Moray's death, on 20 July 1332, he was replaced by Donald, Earl of Mar, elected by an assembly of the magnates of Scotland at Perth, 2 August 1332. Only ten days later Mar fell at the Battle of Dupplin Moor. Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell, who was married to Christian (or Christina), the sister of King Robert I, was chosen as the new Guardian. He was taken prisoner by the English at Roxburgh in April 1333 and was thence replaced as Guardian by Archibald Douglas (the Tyneman) who fell at Halidon Hill that July.
Meanwhile, on 24 September 1332, following the Scots' defeat at Dupplin, Edward Balliol a protégé of Edward III of England, was as a pretender to the throne of Scotland by the English and his Scots adherents. By December, however, Balliol was forced to flee to England but returned the following year as part of an invasion force led by the English king.
Exile in France:
Following the victory of this force at the Battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333, David and his Queen were sent for safety into France, reaching Boulogne on 14 May 1334, and being received very graciously by King Philip VI of France. Little is known about the life of the Scottish king in France, except that Château Gaillard was given to him for a residence, and that he was present at the bloodless meeting of the English and French armies in October 1339 at Vironfosse, now known as Buironfosse, in the Arrondissement of Vervins.
Meanwhile David's representatives had once again obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and the king was able to return to his kingdom, landing at Inverbervie in Kincardineshire on 2 June 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands.
Captivity in England:
In 1346 under the terms of the Auld Alliance, he invaded England in the interests of the French, who were at war with the English in Normandy. After initial success at Hexham, David was wounded, and his army soundly defeated at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346,. David was captured and taken prisoner by John Coupeland, who imprisoned him in the Tower of London. He was then transferred to Windsor Castle in Berkshire upon Edward III's return from France. Later, he and his household were moved to Odiham Castle in Hampshire. His imprisonment was not reputed a rigorous one, although he remained in England for eleven years.
On 3 October 1357, after several protracted negotiations with the Scots' regency council, a treaty was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed under which Scotland's nobility agreed to pay 100,000 marks (to be paid at the rate of 10,000 marks per year) as a ransom for their king. This was ratified by the Scottish Parliament at Scone on 6 November 1357.
Return to Scotland:
David returned at once to Scotland; but, after a few years, owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the the ransom instalment of 1363. David then made for London and sought to get rid of the liability by offering to bequeath Scotland to Edward III or one of his sons in return for a cancellation of the ransom. David did this with the full awareness that the Scots would never accept such an arrangement. In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the next king; but over the next few years David strung out secret negotiations with Edward III, which apparently appeased the matter.
He remarried about 20 February 1364, Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, and daughter of Sir Malcolm Drummond. He divorced her about 20 March 1370. They had no issue. Margaret, however, travelled to Avignon and made a successful appeal to the Pope to reverse the sentence of divorce which had been pronounced against her in Scotland. She was still alive in January 1375.
From 1364 David governed with vigour, dealing firmly with recalcitrant nobles and wider baronial revolt, and continued to pursue the goal of final peace with England. By the time of his death, the Scottish Monarchy was stronger, and the kingdom and royal finances more prosperous than might have seemed possible.
David II died unexpectedly and at the height of his power in Edinburgh Castle on 22 February 1371. He was buried in Holyrood Abbey. At the time of his death, he was planning to marry his mistress, Agnes Dunbar (niece of Agnes Randolph, also known as "Black Agnes of Dunbar"). He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. He was the last male of the House of Bruce.
|David II, of Scotland
|10||Fanny died aged 48 years.||Fanny Amelia
|11||In 1975, Kathleen was living in Bulawayo.||Kathleen
|12||Following the divorce, Margaret kept Charles and poisoned him against his father. Even though there was an attempt at reconciliation, Charles would still have no connection with the rest of the family.||Margaret
|13||Níall of Carrick was the second man to bear the title Mormaer, or Earl, of Carrick. He was successor of mormaer Donnchadh of Carrick. He may have been Donnchadh's son, or else as suggested by one recent genealogical theory, his grandson. It has been argued that Niall's father was Nichol (Cailean or Colin), son of mormaer Donnchadh by the daughter of Niall Ruadh, briefly king of Tir Eoghain.|
Níall made a grant which assured that his nephew, Lachlan and successors would have all the powers in respect to the ceann ceneóil (head of kin). This grant was confirmed by King Alexander III. It ensured that the structure of Carrick's Gaelic society would remain pretty undisturbed in the event that no direct male heir was available to succeed him as earl.
As things transpired, this is indeed what happened. Níall left no sons, and was succeeded by his daughter Marjory. The latter passed the mormaerdom on to her son Roibert a Briuis, who became King Robert I of Scotland.
|Níall, Earl of Carrick
|14||Niall was Mormaer of Carrick from 1250–1256.||Níall, Earl of Carrick
|15||King Robert the Bruce purchased the portions of lands of Pillanflatt from the Earl of Lennox, lying in the parish of Cardross in 1326. He died at his manorial house that he built there in 1329, a field called the Mains of Cardross is thought to have been his Royal Manor's location.[||Robert I, King of Scots
|16||Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), often known as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys), was King of Scots from March 25, 1306, until his death in 1329.|
His paternal ancestors were of Scoto-Norman heritage (originating in Brix, Manche, Normandy), and his maternal of Franco-Gaelic. He became one of Scotland's greatest kings, as well as one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against the Kingdom of England. He claimed the Scottish throne as a fourth great-grandson of David I of Scotland, and saw the recognition of Scotland as an independent nation during his reign. Today in Scotland, Bruce is remembered as a national hero.
His body is buried in Dunfermline Abbey, while his heart is buried in Melrose Abbey. His embalmed heart was to be taken on crusade by his lieutenant and friend Sir James Douglas to the Holy Land, but only reached Moorish Granada, where it acted as a talisman for the Scottish contingent at the Battle of Teba.
|Robert I, King of Scots
|17||Robert the Bruce had six acknowledged illegitimate children. Their mothers are unknown, although there is the slight possibility that a Christian of Carrick, mentioned by Barbour as assisting Bruce's campaign, was the mother of the last two.[||Robert I, King of Scots
|18||Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) became King of Scots in 1371 as the first monarch of the House of Stewart.|
Robert I had made his brother Edward his heir ahead of Marjorie, but following Edward's death without issue on 3 December 1318 at the Battle of Dundalk in Ireland, Robert Stewart became heir presumptive to his grandfather. His mother Marjorie died in 1317 following a fall from a horse. Robert Stewart's rights as heir to the throne lapsed on the birth of a son, afterwards David II, to Robert I and his second wife Elizabeth de Burgh on 5 March 1324.
Robert Stewart became High Steward following his father's death on 9 April 1326, and the parliament held in July 1326 confirmed him as heir presumptive should Prince David die without issue.
|Robert II, of Scotland
|19||Little is now known about Sjovald. There are traces going back to 1140 of a Sjovald and Aasi, brothers of Gotland, who lost a battle against the Germans and set out for Shetland, their summer fishing grounds, taking their long-boats, slaves, household goods and families. Prior to 1900, the members of the family could be recited back for thirty generations, and taking 20 to 25 years per generation, we could get back to around 1140.||Sjovald, of Aywick
|20||The tradition in our family is that Sjovald Sjovaldson was shipwrecked on Yell in the 1500’s. His boat came ashore at da Birrier, Aywick, and he settled in that area. Sjovald (which means 'sea-rover') was born in Sweden (or Denmark) about 1500. He was said to be a direct descendant of the King of Denmark, and became ruler of Yell. His descendants became fouds (law-makers) of Shetland. In 1530 when he was sailing with a fleet from Gotland to Trondheim they encountered a storm and he was eventually shipwrecked on da Birrier at East Yell.||Sjovald, of Aywick
|21||Both sons died around 15 years of age.||two sons
|22||Frances was unmarried.||Frances ABERNETHY
|23||Mary was a children's outfitter and owned her own shop.||Mary ABERNETHY
|24||Mitchell and Elizabeth went to New Zealand after their marriage. They had no issue.||Mitchell ABERNETHY
|25||Reginald was the third born child, second son, of the leading racehorse trainer in the country. He was a newspaper man for the Argus group, South Africa, although he was a jockey for a time, but at 6ft 1in, found himself fainting trying to keep his weight down. His father was born in Ireland, and the family left there for foreign parts when his grandfather was hanged in 1922, in "The Troubles".||Reginald Edward ALLEN
|26||Andrew Anderson was the ancestor of the Andersons of Ulsta, of Errasdale and Cuppaster, of Midby, and the Johnsons of Clodan.||Andrew ANDERSON
|27||When they married, Andrew was 32 and Johannah was 27 years of age.||Andrew ANDERSON
|28||Andrina was the fourth born daughter, and was sister to the wife of Hosea Hoseason of Aywick. It is possible that she was born in 1807.||Andrina ANDERSON
|29||Daniel Anderson emigrated to New Zealand around 1865, and worked in the mines. He bought a block of land on the banks of the Inangahua River, which he cleared and established a dairy farm, known as 'Glenburnie'. The land in Anderson's Road is now the Reefton Golf Course. Daniel was a strict Methodist and earned the nickname, 'Holy Dan', but was well respected by the community. He suffered badly from arthritis, and used to travel on horseback to Maruia Springs to 'take the waters'.||Daniel Moar ANDERSON
|30||He appears to have been alive in 1788, as his grandson, described at the time as "Hosea, younger at Aywick", when a summons was issued.||Hosea ANDERSON, of Aywick
|31||Hosea Anderson is said to have predeceased his father.||Hosea ANDERSON, of Aywick
|32||Marabelle stayed at home and never married.||Marabelle ANDERSON
|33||Marion Anderson spent the early part of her life in Reafirth, later in|
Lerwick. When her husband died, she went to her brother John who supported
her for the remainder of her life.
|34||In circa 1700, the occupants of the croft of Stutaft, near Baltasound,|
Unst, were shearing corn, and after having shorn a number of sheaves, set
them up in stooks. As they did this they moved a short distance away from
where their infant, Mary Anderson, was laying fast asleep in a shawl.
Then, to their horror, a sea-eagle, or erne, swooped down and picked up
the bairn in its shawl with its talons, and carried it off to the south.
With some of their neighbours, they followed the eagle's flight which on
reaching Colvadale, altered course for the Blue-Banks of Fetlar. The men
carried on to the south-east corner of Unst where, at Ramnagio, they took
a boat and made for Fetlar, landing at Colbinstoft. When they told the
local inhabitants what had happened, they were informed that the eagle had
her eyrie at Busta-Pund, at the East Neaps. They were joined by a number
of Fetlar men, and made their way, with ropes, to the top of the cliffs
above the eyrie which was situated under an overhang on the cliff face.
Among the Fetlar men was a 12 year old boy, Robert Nicolson, the son of
Peter Nicolson of Crosbister. He volunteered to descend on the rope to
the nest, and was lowered over the cliff. When he reached the nest, to
his amazement he found the child fast asleep along with two eaglets in the
nest. He carefully disentangled the shawl from the nest, and was hauled
back up the cliff to the crowd of men waiting there. While being
congratulated for his courageous deed, an elderly Unst man said that he
would maybe get her for a wife yet. Several years later, some of the
Fetlar men had occasion to go to Unst, and Robert taking the opportunity
to go with them, visited the home of the young woman he had carried up the
cliff-face at Busta-Pund when an infant. The old man's prophecy was
fulfilled as a result of the meeting, and they ended up marrying, settling
for a short time at Fetlar, later moving to Kirkabister on the north side
of Mid Yell Voe, where they raised their family. To this day, Mary
Anderson has been known as the "eagle's bairn".
|35||Mary was sister to the wife of James David Hoseason of Dalsetter, and appears|
to have been a bit "simple-minded", as were the children. After Hosea's
death, her affairs went into the hands of her brother-in-law, James Hoseason,
who was eventually had up in court for swindling her out of rents.
|Mary Barclay ANDERSON
|36||David was in the Indian Army and sailed to India on the 'Overland' on 6th May 1854.||David ARNOT
|37||Francis was the Dean of Bristol.||Francis AYSCOUGH
|38||Dr. Baines first wife was a sister to Isabella's father.||BAINES
|39||James married, had issue, and went to South Africa.||James BALLANTYNE
|40||Johanna lived in Edinburgh where she was a friend of the Shennans, and Elizabeth (née White) widow of Capt. James Hoseason of Aywick. She never married, but brought up her sister's orphaned daughters, Charlotte and Dorothy.||Johanna BALLANTYNE
|41||William was U.P. minister for Langholm, Dumfries and Galloway.||William BALLANTYNE
|42||Edward ran away to sea and is thought to have died in the Crimea while serving in the Foreign Legion.||Edward James BANCROFT
|43||A splendid letter has survived written by Edward to Ursula in August 1813, about 10 months after they were married, when she seems to have been away from their Kingston residence recuperating from an undisclosed illness. Her need for recuperation may have been as a result of a miscarriage because it was not until 2 years later that she bore their first child.|
Edward's letter, which seems to have been in response to his wife's worries about his failure to write to her, contains a number of charming passages whose sentiments were, no doubt, the reason why the letter has survived all these years. Of these, the following are worth recording:
"But why, sweet Ursula, should you permit such an apprehension to enter your mind as that you had done something that I had taken offence at? - It is, I am confident, quite impossible for you wilfully and unknowingly to do any thing of the sort, and I trust that I should be very loth & backward indeed so to misinterpret your actions as to consider them of an offensive character, when they can never be ought but what is beneficent, affectionate & proper. I am perpetually indeed erring in my judgment, but in regard to you I have never judged wrong, except in not rating you so highly as you really deserved. I loved you & married you with the expectation of finding sooner or later in you many or, at least a certain proportion, of the failings of your sex & of human nature, but in this alone I have erred that I supposed you rather to resemble other women, that to differ from them so materially as you do, to my infinite joy and pride and with the knowledge which I now possess of your exemplary principles, and steady conduct, I feel quite assured that nothing will ever be done by you that I can have just grounds to be offended at."
"Adieu, my excellent wife; make yourself as easy and comfortable as possible where you are, for I wish most ardently to have you here again ere long "
"Oh my love - how earnestly I do pray for the perfect reestablishment of your health! - Adieu, my dearest, sweetest Ursula - and believe me to be, while sensation shall be left to me...Your most faithful & affectionate friend, lover and Husband"
|Edward Nathaniel BANCROFT
|44||Edward Bancroft, M.D., F.R.C.P., was an ex-surgeon from St. Georges Hospital, London, who went to Jamaica "for health reasons", later becoming the Deputy Inspector General of Army Hospitals in Jamaica. He was educated by Dr. Charles Burney and Dr. Parr, and later at St. Johns College, Cambridge. He qualified as Bachelor of Medicine in 1794, and in 1795 was physician to the army. He was sent to the Windward Islands, Portugal, the Mediterranean, Egypt and then returned to England. In 1804 he became Doctor of Medicine, at Cambridge, and on 8th April 1805, was Candidate for the College of Physicians and was in London at the time. On 31st March 1806, he became Fellow of the College of Physicians. From 1808-11 he was Censor, and by 1811 had become ill. In 1811 he moved to Jamaica as Army physician. There exists quite a good family tree on the Bancrofts.||Edward Nathaniel BANCROFT
|45||Probate Court, Calendar of Grants of Probate and Administration, Wills and Admons - 1892 has the following entry: ESPEUT Marianne Augusta of Beaufort House Oxford Road Gunnersbury Middlesex widow died 29 May 1891 Administration (with Will) London 13 April to Ella Augusta Bancroft Espeut spinster. Effects: £90 8s 6d.||Marianne Augusta BANCROFT
|46||Ursalina never married.||Ursalina Maria BANCROFT
|47||William was in the British Army. He was appointed Major-General on 3rd April 1883, and Lieut.-General on 31st December 1887. He retired as a full General in 1896. Was, inter alia, Madeline Vidal's godfather and left her £2000 pounds. Grant of Administration: 5 May 1903, London, England 26. Effects: £6282 14s 1d Resworn: £7036-14-3.|
Report of death, Feb 1903, London, England. The Times reported William's death as follows: The Colonelcy of the Bedford Regt. is vacant by the death on Friday evening at the age of 76 at his residence Knellwood, Farnborough of Lieut. General W. C. Bancroft. He entered the army as an ensign in the 3rd West India Regt.& being transferred to the 16th Foot (now the Bedfordshire Regt.) in 1850, served with that Regt. for many years. He reached the rank of Colonel in August 1872 and that of Major General in April 1883. He was placed on the retired list on December 31st 1887 & since May 1900 had been Colonel of the Bedfordshire Regt.
|William Charles BANCROFT
|48||Elizabeth is a most active person, headmistress of the Mid Yell School and is busy with many organisations. She is responsible for supplying much of the information on this part of the family, and also on many other Shetland folk.||Elizabeth Anne Hoseason BARCLAY
|49||John was a baker at Mid Yell and was also Inspector of the Poor.||John Robert Budge BARCLAY
|50||Charles' surname is given as 'Bartholomson' in the marriage register.||Charles BARTHLESON, of Midgarth